Link Between Physical Training and Epigenetics
“Precision High-Intensity Training Through Epigenetics (PHITE)”
The PHITE collaborative team, consisting of Tim Broderick, MD (Overall PI), Wright State University (WSU); Marcas Bamman, PhD (Site PI), The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB); and Ron Evans, PhD and Joe Ecker, PhD, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, are working with funding from the US Department of Defense (DoD), Office of Naval Research (ONR), to explore the link between physical training and epigenetics. This is a key interest area for the DoD ONR because it provides high-impact optimization of force readiness in warfighters with diverse backgrounds. The term epigenetics refers to heritable changes in gene expression (active versus inactive genes) that does not involve changes to the underlying DNA sequence; a change in phenotype (the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment) without a change in genotype (the genetic constitution of an individual organism) . This in turn affects how cells read the genes. Epigenetic change is a regular and natural occurrence but can also be influenced by several factors including age, the environment/lifestyle, and disease state. Epigenetic modifications can manifest as commonly as the manner in which cells terminally differentiate to end up as skin cells, liver cells, brain cells, etc. New and ongoing research is continuously uncovering the role of epigenetics in a variety of human conditions. This study is designed to assess whether epigenetics is a primary mechanism modulating how individuals adapt to specific exercise training prescriptions designed to produce a warfighter phenotype. The PHITE team is organized around a shared test population of human subjects for which UAB will oversee recruitment, training, testing, and sampling. Healthy but untrained volunteers, both men and women, 18-27 y of agea?"phenotypical of the US warfightera?"will participate in a 12-wk, two-arm, single-blind, randomized, exercise dose-response trial comparing two intensities of combined training: Moderate-Intensity vs. High-Intensity. Biospecimens are collected before and after an acute exercise bout in the pre-training state, and again after 12 weeks of 3 d/wk combined exercise training. Numerous phenotyping assessments are collected before after the 12-week intervention period to associate exercise training outcomes with molecular changes in the skeletal muscle and blood biospecimens.
Behavioral - Moderate Intensity
Exercise prescription intensity is moderate
Behavioral - High Intensity
Exercise prescription intensity is high
Precision High-Intensity Training Through Epigenetics (PHITE)