Sleep Apnea in Veterans with PTSD

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Increase CPAP Adherence in Veterans With PTSD

Approximately 20 million Americans suffer from Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) creating risks for major health problems, including dementia, heart attack, and stroke. Obesity, a growing problem for Americans and Veterans alike, is the greatest risk factor for the development of OSA. Male gender and smoking, other OSA risk factors, are common in Veterans. Given the high comorbidity of these risk factors in Veterans, OSA presents a significant health burden to Veterans. The investigators' prior work provides evidence that OSA occurs in up to 69% of Vietnam-era Veterans with PTSD. OSA is easily treated; however, 15-30% of OSA patients are non-compliant with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the standard OSA treatment. The proposed research aims to facilitate adherence to CPAP treatment by testing a novel cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention in Veterans with PTSD. If successful, it may represent an approach that could be applied to the rehabilitation of other chronic conditions with similar barriers to care.

No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Behavioral - CBT-OSA

CBT-OSA is a new cognitive behavioral therapy which focuses on changing behaviors and thoughts to help individuals adjust to using a CPAP machine.

Behavioral - Sleep Education

The Sleep Education treatment will include information, facts, and videos on sleep, cardiovascular disease, PTSD, and proper sleep hygiene.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Increase CPAP Adherence in Veterans With PTSD