Kidney Function

Determining Oral Phosphate Tolerance Across the Spectrum of Glomerular Filtration Rate

Over 20 million people in North America (including 2 million Canadians) have chronic kidney disease. These individuals die from diseases of the heart and blood vessels more often than they need dialysis. This is due to hardening of the arteries caused by calcium deposits inside the blood vessel walls. These deposits damage the vessels, causing them to lose flexibility. This makes them unable to respond to the changing demands of the body, and eventually leads to blockages such as stroke and ultimately death. High levels of phosphate in the blood have been consistently linked to the development of calcium deposits inside blood vessel walls. The kidney is the only organ in the body that can eliminate phosphate that is not required by the body. As kidney function becomes worse, body levels of phosphate increase. However, investigators do not know the time point in the course of kidney disease that problems begin in the way phosphate is eliminated into the urine by the kidneys. Investigators will test the response of the kidneys to a phosphate challenge taken by mouth in subjects who are having accurate measures of kidney function performed by a method called 'inulin clearance'. The investigators believe that the results of this study will provide important information identifying when investigators should be concerned about body levels of phosphate increasing. This information may lead to changes in the way investigators treat patients by reducing the levels of phosphate in the diet at a much earlier time point then is presently recommended.

Pharmaceutical medication involved
Recruiting patients only

Drug - Phoslax

Oral sodium phosphate solution (monobasic sodium phosphate 2.4 g and dibasic sodium phosphate 0.9g / 5 mL).

Determining Oral Phosphate Tolerance Across the Spectrum of Glomerular Filtration Rate