Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation
“The Safety and Efficacy Of Rivaroxaban and Ticagrelor for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention”
Currently, there is minimal data on the combination of rivaroxaban and ticagrelor in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) managed with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Furthermore, there exists significant controversy among physicians in the use of oral anticoagulants in conjunction with antiplatelet therapy in this population. The present recommendation is triple therapy (aspirin + clopidogrel + warfarin), which has been related to major bleeding complications. Previous studies have shown that ticagrelor has been proven to be more effective in reducing the rate of death, new heart attacks, or strokes than the previously recommended drug, clopidogrel, and studies have shown that less bleeding occurs with rivaroxaban than with warfarin. Therefore, it would be ideal to investigate the two potent drugs, ticagrelor and rivaroxaban, in combination in order to gain insight in the management of these high-risk patients. The CAPITAL PCI AF study is a phase 3 Health Canada regulated interventional study involving the use of investigational drugs. It is a non-randomized, open-design study. The investigational team is studying the highly potent drug Ticagrelor, which is prescribed to participants receiving a stent placement, given in combination with Rivaroxaban, an oral anticoagulant recommended for patients with AF. The primary clinical endpoint is a safety outcome measuring bleeding complications in participants with AF treated within one year of the index PCI. The primary efficacy endpoint is measured by the clinical outcomes of death, stroke, non-central nervous system systemic embolism, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis within one year of the index PCI.
Drug - Ticagrelor
Ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily
Drug - Rivaroxaban
Rivaroxaban 15 mg once daily (10mg for patients with moderate renal impairment, creatinine clearance: 30-50 mL/min by the Cockcoft Gault method)
THE CAPITAL PCI AF Study: The Safety and Efficacy of Rivaroxaban and Ticagrelor for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention