Early Prevention of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain
“Early Prevention of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain Using Lifestyle Change”
Nutrition and exercise behaviour change programs can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG). The Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) is a previously published two-behaviour change program which was successful in preventing EGWG across normal weight, overweight and obese pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories (Ruchat et al. 2012; Mottola et al. 2010), however some women found it difficult to adhere to two lifestyle behaviour changes throughout pregnancy. The proposed pilot randomized controlled trial will address the issue of adherence by identifying the best way to offer a two-behaviour change program (NELIP) to pregnant women to increase the effectiveness of preventing early and total EGWG. Participants will begin the program at <18 weeks gestation and will be randomized to one of three groups: A) Receive both behaviour changes (Nutrition AND Exercise) simultaneously at entrance to the study; B) Receive the nutrition component first followed sequentially by the introduction of exercise at 25 weeks gestation (Nutrition FOLLOWED by Exercise); C) Receive the exercise component first followed sequentially by the introduction of the nutrition component at 25 weeks gestation (Exercise FOLLOWED by Nutrition).
Behavioral - NELIP
Strategizing the Best Approach to Prevent Early Excessive Gestational Weight Gain Using a Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP)