Subacute Low Back Pain in Active Duty

Subacute Low Back Pain in Active Duty

The overall objective of this project is to compare three home-managed treatment regimens for subacute low back pain: Progressive Exercise Plan (PEP), NMES (neuromuscular electrical stimulation) core strength training and standard primary care management (PCM). Each of the two treatment arms will be supplemented by Primary Care Management. The specific aim of the study is to determine whether the two treatment regimes are significantly more efficacious than standard PCM alone in improving lower back muscle strength, daily physical activity, physical function, quality of life, and symptoms associated with subacute LBP.

No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Behavioral - Progressive Exercise Plan

The goal of PEP is to reduce back pain, disability, and improve trunk flexibility, strength and endurance through controlled, gradual, progressive back exercises. PEP teaches muscle strengthening exercises and self-management strategies to promote back fitness. PEP sessions provide a standardized self-management framework for performing the exercises at home. PEP is performed every other day/week for about ~1 hour over a period of 9 weeks. PEP consists of 3 sequential phases with each phase last more on

Device - NeuromuscularElectricalStimulation(NMES)

The NMES treatment group will receive a portable battery-operated device, Recovery Back (Neurotech®, Minnetonka, MN) with a 2-garment site-specific system: back & abdomen. NMES muscle contractions will be elicited by an electrical impulse generated by the Recovery Back system. The device delivers a pre-set program of NMES using a symmetrical biphasic square pulse waveform. (Moore SR, Shurman J, 1997) The garments are light-weight, breathable fabric that wraps around the waist with precise place more on

Behavioral - Primary Care Management (PCM)

All participants will receive standard primary care management for subacute LBP. Primary Care Management follows the clinical practice guidelines for low back pain.(Chou et al., 2007) Service members are to stay as active as possible and progressively increase their activity. Medications prescribed begin with paracetamol and NSAIDs as first-line drugs. Second-line drugs include antidepressants, benzodiazepines, tramadol, and opioids. All participants will receive an information sheet on LBP advi more on

Home-based Approaches for Subacute Low Back Pain in Active Duty: Randomized, Controlled Trial