Improving Outcomes in Low Income Minority Adults with Asthma
“Clinic Navigation and Home Visits to Improve Guideline-based Care and Outcomes in Low Income Minority Adults With Asthma”
Asthma-related deaths are more numerous among low-income minority patients and older adults with chronic diseases. Guidelines for asthma management have not addressed the needs of these groups. The investigators recently demonstrated the feasibility, acceptability, and evidence of effectiveness of two interventions to improve access to care, patient-provider communication, and asthma outcomes: 1) CI: clinic intervention using a patient advocate to prepare for, attend, and confirm understanding of an office visit, and 2) HV: home visits for care coordination and informing clinicians of home barriers to managing asthma is associated with subsequent improvement in asthma outcomes. This project explores whether these interventions can be combined for greater effectiveness, delivery of guideline-based asthma care, and outcomes in low-income minority patients. In a randomized controlled factorial trial, 400 adults with uncontrolled asthma living in low-income urban neighborhoods are offered 18-months' participation: 12 months of clinical intervention and 6 months of evaluation to monitor sustainability of interventions and outcomes. Patients will be randomized to 1) a patient advocate and (2) an advocate and home visits, (3) an advocate and real-time feedback to the asthma provider (clinician) at each clinic visit of guidelines-relevant relevant information, and 4) (2), and (3). Interventions will be delivered by a community health worker. The study estimates Specific Aim 1: improvement over time of within-group (before-after in four groups) asthma outcomes (asthma control, quality of life, ED visits, hospitalizations, prednisone bursts) Specific Aim 2: across group differences in improvement over time in asthma outcomes; Specific Aim 3: the costs associated with each of the interventions. A cost-offset analysis will determine which intervention costs are offset by savings attributable to reductions in ED, hospitalization or other visits for asthma control and other outcomes. Exploratory Aim: changes in behavior from the interventions using interviews of clinicians and patients. Investigators hypothesize that improved outcomes in asthma patients will result from enhanced patient-clinician communication, clinician attention to home environmental exposures, and clinician consideration of the guidelines, at a program cost offset by lower patient health care utilization.
Behavioral - Clinical intervention
The community health navigator will ask patient to produce medications, to indicate if there are current smokers in the home, to look for structural problems within the home, presence of pests, allergens, pollutants. Pt will be asked to produce their current medications. At the end a report will be written for the clinician.
Behavioral - Feedback
The community health navigator will give the clinician real-time feedback on guideline-related health.
Clinic Navigation and Home Visits to Improve Guideline-based Care and Outcomes in Low Income Minority Adults With Asthma