Improving the Diet Quality of Preschoolers

A Home-based Intervention to Improve the Diet Quality of Preschoolers

U.S. children eat too little fruits and vegetables and whole grains, and too many energy dense foods, dietary behaviors associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular diseases. Parents play a key role in shaping their child's diet and best practices suggest that parents should involve children in food preparation, offer, model and encourage a variety of healthy foods. In addition, while parents help to shape food preferences, not all children respond in the same way and certain appetitive traits, such as satiety responsiveness (sensitivity to internal satiety signals), food responsiveness (sensitivity to external food cues), and enjoyment of food may help explain some of these differences. Prior interventions among preschool aged children to improve their diet have not used a holistic approach that fully targets the home food environment, by focusing on food quality, food preparation, and positive feeding practices while acknowledging a child's appetitive traits. This proposal will build upon pre-pilot work to develop and pilot-test the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a novel home-based intervention. The proposed 6-month intervention, will include 3 monthly home visits by a community health worker (CHW) trained in motivational interviewing, that include in-home cooking demos. In between visits, parents will receive tailored text-messages 2x/wk. and monthly mailed tailored materials. During the last 3 months CHW phone calls will replace the home visits. The intervention will be tailored for individual families based on the child's appetitive traits. The proposed research will lay the groundwork for a larger trial to support, motivate, and empower low-income parents to prepare healthy meals and use healthy feeding practices, which will improve children's diets and ultimately their health.

No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Behavioral - Healthy Feeding, Healthy Eating

Home Based Motivational Interviewing to Improve Diet Quality of Preschoolers

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Active Control that uses Motivational Interviewing to improve Reading Readiness of Preschool Children

A Home-based Video and Motivational Interviewing Intervention to Improve Preschoolers Diet Quality and Parental Food Parenting Practices