Non-Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation After Injury

Non-Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation After Injury

The goal of this study is to assess the function of the lungs and the muscles are used to breathe after individuals receive respiratory training, spinal cord stimulation, a combination of respiratory training and stimulation, a combination of arm training and stimulation, or a combination of trunk training and stimulation. The respiratory, arm, and trunk training combined with the spinal stimulation interventions are being used to activate the spinal cord below the level of injury. Investigators will be looking for changes in the function of the lungs and trunk muscles before, during, and after these task-specific and non-task-specific interventions for breathing to determine which one has the greatest effect. The results of this study may aid in the development of treatments to help individuals with spinal cord injuries that have impaired lung, arm, and trunk function.

No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Device - Transcutaneous Electrical Spinal Cord Stimulation (TcESCS)

TcESCS is a non-invasive DC battery powered device. Investigators and/or research team members will continually assess the appropriate stimulation parameters including configurations, current, voltage and frequency delivered by up to five active electrodes applied on skin of the back from cervical to lumbar levels. Stimulation parameters used during experimental assessments and interventions will be closely monitored by the research team. Every research participant will be slowly acclimated to s more on

Non-Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation and Respiratory Plasticity