Cardiovascular Toxicity of Exposure to Hookah Vaping
“Investigating the Cardiovascular Toxicity of Exposure to Electronic Hookah Vaping”
Hookah (water-pipe) smoking has quickly grown to become a major global tobacco epidemic among youth; with electronic hookahs more recently increasing in popularity especially among young female adults, who endorse marketing claims that these products are a safer alternative to traditional hookah, but scientific evidence is lacking. The study aims to elucidate the comparative effects of traditional hookah smoking vs. electronic hookah inhalation on human vascular and endothelial function; and examine the role of inflammation and oxidative stress as likely mechanisms in hookah-related cardiovascular disease pathogenesis.
Traditional hookah smoking
Charcoal-heated hookah smoking
Electronic hookah inhalation
Electronic hookah bowl
Investigating the Cardiovascular Toxicity of Exposure to Electronic Hookah Vaping