Gun Locks in Firearm Suicide Intervention

Gun Locks in Firearm Suicide Intervention

This study compares the effectiveness of two interventions for suicide over the course of a month. The experimental intervention includes the provision of a gun lock with video instructions, in addition to standard suicide risk interventions (i.e., standardized full suicide risk assessment, safety planning, and lethal means counseling). The comparison intervention group will receive the same standard suicide risk interventions without the gun lock and video. The targeted outcome will be level of engagement in gun safety behaviors (e.g., using a gun lock, using a gun safe, considering getting rid of guns). It is predicted that the experimental intervention will result in greater increases over time in engagement in gun safety behaviors, as compared to the comparison intervention.

No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Device - Gun lock

A cable-style gun lock that can be applied to a wide variety of guns for safe storage. The application of this device to most firearms renders them impossible to use properly while the device is in place and locked.

Suicide Risk Assessment

Thorough suicide risk assessment according to guidelines established by research (Joiner et al., 1999; Chu et al., 2015). This is used to determine the severity of suicide risk and appropriate actions to be taken.

Behavioral - Safety Planning

A psychological intervention for suicide risk that is based on research (Chu et al., 2015; Stanley & Brown, 2012). This involves listing the following on an index card: activities individuals can use to feel better during a crisis, contact numbers that are important to the individuals, emergency options that are always accessible, and reasons for living. Although the individualized nature of safety plans does not allow for a scripted/uniform approach, for this study they will all include 8 steps more on

Behavioral - Lethal Means Counseling

A psychological intervention for suicide risk that is based on research (Bryan et al., 2011; Chu et al., 2015; Rudd, 2006; Stanley, 2018). This involves a psychological clinician discussing, with an at-risk individual, the importance for increasing the distance/obstacles between the individual at risk for suicide and specific types of lethal means. In the present study, the lethal means targeted was firearms and the lethal means counseling approach was able to be standardized/scripted as has bee more on

The Provision of Gun Locks in Lethal Means Counseling to Increase Firearm Safety in a Suicide Risk Sample