Diagnosing and Monitoring Treatment of Light Sensitivity

Objectively Diagnose and Monitor Treatment of Light Sensitivity

The purpose of this project is to provide a new framework for diagnosing and monitoring treatment of light sensitivity and headache by objective measurement of facial features, pupil responses, retinal electrical responses and autonomic nerve responses to light.

No pharmaceutical medication involved
Patients and healthy individuals accepted

Device - Pupillography

A hand-held pupillometer/electroretinogram device (RETeval, LKC) will be held in front of the subject's eye, but will not touch the eye. The device will provide a brief, a series of brief light stimuli and then record the pupil response and the elicited electrical response from the retina from a surface skin patch (electrode) placed below each eye, from the light as a measure of whether the inherent sensitivity of the eye in the retina is normal. The investigators will repeat this in the left ey more on

Device - Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT)

The thickness of the optic nerve and macula will also be measured inside of the eye using a special camera that forms an image of the layers of the retina without pupil dilation. The imaging is harmless and measures the structural health of the optic nerve and retinal layers. This test takes 5-10 minutes per eye.

Device - Wrist-watch sensor device

A wrist-watch sensor device (E4, Empatica) will be place on each wrist to measure skin conductance, heart rate, skin temperature and arm movement during testing. These wrist-watch devices are being used to monitor changes in sympathetic nerve activity to light intensity, (the sympathetic nerves supply the blood vessels to the skin and heart).

Device - Videography

The subject will sit comfortably in front of miniature combination infrared/visible light video cameras and infrared diode light source located within 1 meter to provide video recording of the face during testing with light and during darkness, described next. After the 10 minutes of dark-adapting, the subject will put his/her chin on a chin rest in front of the video cameras and a light emitting diode (LED) array give diffuse red, blue, and white stimuli over a range of intensities. None of the more on

Device - Electrophysiology

Next, electrodes will be placed above, below and to the side of the test eye to record the electromyogram (EMG) for measuring eyelid opening and blink rate.

Use of Facial Feature to Objectively Diagnose and Monitor Treatment of Light Sensitivity