Emotion Study/Substudy: Flexible Brain Study
“Emotion Study/Substudy: Flexible Brain Study”
The proposed research applies the highly innovative technology of real-time functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (rtfMRI) to examine plasticity of brain-regulatory mechanisms related to cognitive and affective processing and to determine benefits for cognition and affect in young and older adults and in Parkinson Disease (PD) patients.
Behavioral - Anterior cingulate cortex activation
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Participants in the experimental group will be trained using functional magnetic resonance imaging to regulation brain activity in anterior cingulate cortex. The anterior cingulate cortex is a brain region that is known to be involved in emotion processing. Activation of this region is expected to improve emotion processing.
Behavioral - Primary auditory cortex activation
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Participants in each group will be trained using functional magnetic resonance imaging to regulation brain activity in primary auditory cortex. The primary auditory cortex is a brain region that is NOT specifically involved in emotion processing. Activation of this region is NOT expected to improve emotion processing; and thus activation of this brain region serves as "control/placebo" condition in the current design (placebo comparator).
Emotion Study (Improving Neural Dysregulation in Advanced Age: A Neurofeedback Approach)/Substudy: Flexible Brain Study