common.study.topics.clinical

Enhance Appointment Reminders and Reduce Missed Visits

common.study.values.description

Using Behavioral Economics to Enhance Appointment Reminders and Reduce Missed Visits

"No-shows," or missed visits are a persistent problem in all health care systems. They contribute to worsened patient access, longer wait times, and inefficient use limited health care resources. The VA's no-show rate has shown no improvement in years, resulting in a staggering 9 million ambulatory no-shows in Fiscal Year (FY) 2015. Appointment reminders are an essential and proven element to addressing no-shows but major research gaps exist. Behavioral economics (BE) and allied fields offer key insights that are relevant to developing innovation in the field of appointment reminders. Adding "nudges" informed by concepts such as social norms, behavioral intentions, clear instructions, and potential negative consequences to the Veteran and others is a novel but evidence-based way to create enhanced appointment reminders. Seemingly small changes to appointment letters can create measurable shifts in appointment attendance and no-shows. Even more, these behavioral nudges can produce large benefits when taken to scale and compounded across a population. This project will address several aims, including: developing BE-informed messages to incorporate into enhanced appointment reminders; evaluating the effect of several versions of enhanced appointment reminders; and identifying potential barriers and facilitators to widespread implementation of enhanced appointment reminder messages.

common.study.values.location

participant.ui.study.affiliations-map.online-study.header-virtual

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common.study.values.methods

No pharmaceutical medication involved common.study.methods.has-drugs-no
Patients and healthy individuals accepted common.study.methods.is-healthy-no

Behavioral - Social Norms + Behavioral Instructions

A letter with two types of nudges. One points out the common behavior of attending appointments. And one provides clear, specific instructions for making appointment changes. The appointment reminder also includes usual care (basic appointment information on date, location, and phone number(s) for scheduling changes).

Behavioral - Caring + Consequences for Others + Behavioral Instructions

A letter with three types of nudges. One suggests that the institution cares about the patient. One highlights a potential negative consequence for others if the patient no-shows. And one provides clear, specific instructions for making appointment changes. The appointment reminder also includes usual care (basic appointment information on date, location, and phone number(s) for scheduling changes).

Behavioral - Caring + Consequences for Self + Behavioral Instructions

A letter with three types of nudges. One suggests that the institution cares about the patients. One highlights potential negative consequences for the patient if s/he no-shows. And one provides clear, specific instructions for making appointment changes. The appointment reminder also includes usual care (basic appointment information on date, location, and phone number(s) for scheduling changes).

Behavioral - Caring + Consequences for Others + Consequences for Self + Social Norms + Behavioral Instructions

A letter with all four types of nudges combined. One suggests that the institution cares about the patients. One highlights a potential negative consequence for others if the patient no-shows. One highlights potential negative consequences for the patient if s/he no-shows. One points out the common behavior of attending appointments. And one provides clear, specific instructions for making appointment changes. The appointment reminder also includes usual care (basic appointment information on da ...read more on ClinicalTrials.org

participant.views.study.view.additional

participant.views.study.view.scientific-title

Using Behavioral Economics to Enhance Appointment Reminders and Reduce Missed Visits

common.study.values.clinical-trial-id

NCT03850431

participant.views.study.view.id

elYk7a