High Intensity Interval Training and Atrial Fibrillation
“Atrial Fibrillation Trial to Evade Recurrence: effectS of Hiit Before electrO-Cardioversion for 3-weeKs”
This is a study looking at the feasibility of conducting a larger definitive research trial looking at the effectiveness of high intensity interval training in individuals who are scheduled for electro-cardioversion. Usual care for these participants is to go home and continue with their typical daily routine. The investigators will test whether participating in 3-weeks of thrice-weekly high intensity interval training before electro-cardioversion can lengthen the time to recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electro-cardioversion in these individuals. Participants will be asked to come to the University of Ottawa Heart Institute for a baseline visit at which fitness (cycle ergometer), body composition (weight, height, waist circumference and percentage body fat), heart rate variability and habitual exercise levels will be measured. Participants will then be randomized to either the exercise group or the usual care group. Those randomized to the usual care group will go home for 3-weeks and continue with their typical daily routine. Those randomized to the exercise group will return to the Heart Institute three times per week for 3-weeks to participate in a high intensity interval training program prior to their electro-cardioversion. All participants will be asked to measure daily heart rate and rhythm using the AliveCor system which is compatible with their Smartphones, for up to 12-months following their electro-cardioversion. All participants will be asked to return at 3-weeks (and prior to their electro-cardioversion) to measure fitness (cycle ergometer), body composition (weight, height, waist circumference and percentage body fat), and habitual exercise levels. The entire study should last approximately 24-months. Participants will be involved for 52-weeks. The investigators are looking to recruit 20 participants total for the feasibility trial. The investigators hypothesize that recruitment rates, drop-out rates, and adherence to the intervention will support a larger definitive trial.
Behavioral - High-intensity interval training
Participants in the HIIT group will receive 3-weeks of tri-weekly supervised exercise sessions at the UOHI prior to their scheduled electro-cardioversion. The session will last 23 minutes in duration and consist of a 2-minute warm-up at 50% of peak power output (PPO), 2 x 8-minute interval training blocks of 30 seconds at 80-100% of PPO interspersed with 30-seconds of active recovery and a 1-minute cool down at 25 % of PPO. The sessions will be lead by a Registered Kinesiologist.
Atrial Fibrillation Trial to Evade Recurrence: effectS of Hiit Before electrO-Cardioversion